Course Code Course Title Pre-requisite Credits ECTS
BME101 Introduction to Biomedical Engineering - 2 4
The main topics of Biomedical Engineering, biomaterials, biosensors, molecular biology and genetics, drug delivery systems, biomechanics, pysiological signals (ECG, EEG, EMG, EOG, ENG), medical imaging systems, clinical engineering will be introduced to the BME students.
BME 102 Biochemistry - 3 6
Fundamentals of biochemistry, water and its importance in biological systems, amino acid, peptide and proteins, detailed structures of proteins, protein function, enzymes, carbohydrates, lipids and biological membranes are covered in this course.
BME 203 Medical Biology - 3 6
Basic information is given on the principal properties of living things, the cell concept, properties and function of the cell membrane and the cell organelles, chemical components of the cell, cell metabolism, cell signaling, cell cycle and its control, cell division, genetic materials, flow of the genetic information; replication, transcription and translation, and the organ systems of the body.
BME 205 Fundamentals of Materials Science - 3 6
BMM 205 course provides general information about materials and material properties to Biomedical Engineering students. This course specifically covers the atomic structure, atomic bonding, crystal structure of solids, imperfections in solids (point, line and plane), diffusion and diffusion mechanisms, mechanical properties of metals, dislocations and strengthening mechanisms, ductile and brittle fracture, fatigue, creep, and phase diagrams and transformations. In addition to these issues ferrous, non-ferrous, ceramics, polymers and composite biomaterials will be discussed briefly.
BME 205L Fundamentals of Materials Science Laboratory - 1 2
BMM 205L students will strengthen their theoretical knowledge on the mechanical properties of materials by carrying hands-on experiments such as Metallography test, tensile test, hardness test, bending and torsion test, impact test, fatigue test, and creep test.
BME 202 Cell and Molecular Biology BME 102 3 6
Important inventions in cell and molecular biology, cell organelles, transport of proteins to membranes and organelles, isolation and purification of cell organelles and proteins, imaging and culture of cells, cell death, stem cells, eukaryotic gene structure, chromosomal organization of genes and noncoding DNA, transposable elements, organelle DNA, regulation of gene expression, genetic mutations and DNA repair, cancerous cells and the basics of recombinant DNA technology and gene therapy methods are discussed.
BME 202L Cell and Molecular Biology Laboratory BME 102 1 2
Basics of microscopy, examination of epithelial, blood and leaf cell morphology using light microscope and microscopic measurements. Examination of the transport from cell membranes and an artificial membrane, dialysis. Introduction to chromatographic techniques, separation of amino acids by thin layer chromatography. Introduction to cell culture, removal of cells from the surface using different approaches, cell counting using hemocytometer, cell viability measurement. Preparation of monolayer cell culture, cell passaging, Giemsa and fluorescent staining of cells, freezing cells. DNA extraction from blood, DNA quantification by spectrophotometry and DNA qualification by agarose gel electrophoresis. DNA fingerprinting by RFLP. 
BME 206 Physiology for Engineers - 3 6

An integrated study of the relationship between structure and function of the human body. Topics covered include anatomy and homeostasis, cell signaling, the nervous system with emphasis on the nerve impulse propagation, the skeletal system, the muscular system, the cardiovascular system and the renal function.

BMM 207 Electronic Circuits in Biomedical Engineering MAT 102 3 6

Basic concepts, Mesh and nodal methods, Circuit theorems, energy and power concepts. Superposition, Source transformations. Super nodes and super meshes, Mutual inductance. , Natural and forced responses in first and second order circuits. Dynamic response in multi-mesh and multi-node circuits. State equations. State-space solution of first order circuits. Analysis of RLC circuits.  Power analysis of alternate currents, monophase-triphase voltage, current-voltage relationship, grounding, current leakages, Electrical safety in medical devices, protection and isolation circuits in medical devices.


BMM 207 L Electronic Circuits Laboratory in Biomedical Engineering - 1 2

Introduction to Laboratory Equipment, PSpice Basic concepts, Basic Electronic Measurements, Resistive circuits, Thevenin Equivalent Circuits and Superposition Principle, Investigation of RL, RC and RLC Circuits, passive filters.

BME 305 Biomaterials BME 205 3 6
BMM 305 will provide the basic principles of biomaterials in general and help students to adapt into this rapidly developing area. The course will focus mainly on the field of biomaterials used in the design of medical devices, and to augment or replace soft and hard tissues. Discussion of bulk properties, applications, and in vivo behavior of different classes of natural and synthetic biomaterials. Analysis of biological response and biocompatibility, degradation and failure processes of implantable biomaterials/devices. Brief outline of regulatory compliance and performance requirements for commercialization of biomaterials and medical devices.
BME 307 Biomedical Signals and Systems ELE 201 3 6
Physiological Signals (ECG, EEG, EMG, EOG, ENG), Physiological Control Systems, Time Domain Represantation of Signals, Continuous and Discrete Signals, Convolution of Continuous-Time and Discrete-Time Signas, Linear Time-Invariant Systems, Eigenfunctions and Eigenvalues, Laplace Transform, Transfer Function , Fourier Series, Fourier Transform, Multidimensional Signals and Systems, Two-Dimensional Fourier Transform.
BME 309 Tissue Engineering - 3 6
Components of tissue engineering, tissue scaffolds, biomaterials and fabrication methods, cell sources and stem cells, biosignal molecules and controlled release approaches, gene therapy approaches, tissue engineering bioreactors, cell-sheet engineering, bioprinting, examples of the engineered tissues.
BME 311 Biomechanics - 3 6
Biomechanics of bone, articular cartilage, tendons and ligaments, peripheral nerves and spinal nerve roots, skeletal muscle, knee, hip, foot and ankle, lumbar spine, cervical spine, shoulder, elbow, wrist, hand. Fracture fixation and arthroplasty procedures are also explained.
BME 311L Biomaterials and Biomechanics Laboratory - 1 2
BMM 311L students will strengthen their theoretical knowledge on both the biomaterials and biomechanics by carrying hands-on experiments such as AFM analysis of surfaces, contact angle measurement and hydrophobicity/hydrofilicity of biosurfaces; 4-point bending, axial pull-out tests for metalic bone plates and screws. 
BME 302 Biomedical Instrumentation - 3 6
Mathematical Basis of Physiological Systems, Nernst Equation, Goldman Equation, Donnan’s Equilibrium Condition, Hodking-Huxley Model of Cell Membrane , Action Potential, Electrical Activity of Heart, Hemodynamics, Instrumentation Amplifiers, Electrocardiography Devices, Electromyography Equipments, Electroencephalography Devices, Nervous System and Measurement Devices, Hemodialysis Equipments, Pulmonary Function Testing Equipments.
BME 302L Biomedical Instrumentation Laboratory - 1 2
Use of Instrumentation Amplifiers, Detection of Electrocardioghy (ECG) Signals, , Detection of Electromyography (EMG) Signals, Detection of Electroencephalography (EEG) Signals Detection of Respiratory Signals, Analysis of Oxygen Saturation.
BME 310 Numerical Methods in BME CE 142, MAT 201 3 6
BMM 310 course will cover both the theoretical and practical studies in the computational bio(nano)technology and theoretical materials science areas. Within the frame of this course, students will learn the numerical methods and algorithms in general. This course will provide information about diffusion, bioinformatics, molecular dynamics, and homology modeling. This course will also give practical information about state of the art computer softwares, which will adapt the students into this rapidly developing field. 
BME 316 Biomedical Sensors and Transducers - 3 6
Biosensors which monitor levels of blood electrolytes for real-time patient management. Fundamental principles underlying the transducers that convert chemical activity into electrical or optical signals. Principles of Motion Sensors, Force Sensors and Principles, Types of Temperature Sensors, Sensors for Physiological Signals. Sensitive and selective biological membranes based on ion, enzyme, and immune-reactions. Sensor stability and response time. Other processes involved in the operation of the sensors such as membrane diffusion, capillary transport and cell separation. Devices for measuring blood gases, electrolytes, hemoglobin, glucose, PH, drugs and other bioactive compounds.
BME 316L Biomedical Sensors and Converters Laboratory - 1 2
The experiments are covering the biochemical reactions with electrochemical, amperometric, potentiometric, mass sensitive and optic changes. Motion Sensors Experiments, Force Sensors Experiments, Temperature Sensors Experiments, Experiments with Sensors for Physiological Signals. The comparison of signal by means of selectivity, sensitivity, response time and linearity. Design of transducers.
BME 491 Medical Imaging Systems BME 302 3 6
Multi-Dimensional Signal Processing, X-Ray Imaging Systems, Digital X-Ray Equipments, Digital Angiography, Computed Tomography (CT), Image Recontruction Algorithms of Computed Tomography, Ultrasound and Color Doppler Echocardiography, Gamma Camera Equipments, Magnetic Resonance (MR) Physics, Magnetic Resonance Imaging Systems, Image Reconstruction Methods in MR, Thermal Imaging Systems, Optical Imaging Systems
BME 498 Senior Design Project - 4 8
This course provides extensive design experience to biomedical engineering students by using the knowledge and skills acquired in undergraduate education. The project starts with the selection of a suitable project and includes all the stages till the completion. This course covers the design of a system for biomedical application and handle the solution.

Departmental Elective Courses

Course Code Course Title Pre-requisite Credits ECTS
BME 410 Biomedical Electronics ELE 201 3 6
Physiological Signals, Operational Amplifiers, Instrumentation Amplifiers, Filter Design, Protection and Isolation Circuits in ECG Devices, Fault Detection Circuits in ECG devices, Defibrillator Types and Circuits, EEG Amplifiers, EMG Amplifiers, Circuits of Pulse Plethysmography, Respiratory Signal Detection and Amplification.
BME 411 Biomedical Image Processing BME 307 3 6
BME 412 Biomedical Signal Processing BME 307 3 6
Time and Frequency Domain Analysis of Physiological Signals, Filter Design, Processing of Electrocardiography (ECG) Signals, Analysis of Heart Rate Variability, Processing of Electromyography (EMG) Signals, Processing of Electroencephalography (EEG) Signals, Evoked Potentials, Respiratory Signals Processing.
BME 413 Noise Reduction Techniques in BME BME 307 3 6
BME 414 Microprocessors and Microcontrollers in BME ELE 201, BME 316 3 6
BME 415 Magnetic Resonance Imaging ELE 201 3 6
Magnetic Resonance (MR) Physics, MR Coils, Superconducting Coil structures, Safety Circuits in MR Magnets, MR Cooling Systems, RF Amplifiers, RF Coils, MR Sequences, Gradient Coils, Frequency Encoding, Phase Encoding, Raw Data Matrix Filling, Two-dimensional Fourier Transform and Image Reconstruction Algorithms. K-Space, Advanced Topics in MR.
BME 416 Microscopic Imaging ELE 201 3 6
BME 420 Computational Methods in BME BME 310 3 6
BMM 420 course covers the subjects of molecular dynamics and homology modeling and their applications in protein structure prediction and protein / ligand interactions. Students gain a detailed perspective about the molecular basis of the physical behavior of hard/soft materials. The accuracy analysis of the both modeling techniques and the conditions under which they can be used will also be discussed.
BME 421 Bioinformatics BME 310 3 6
Bioinformatics involves developing and applying computational methods for managing and analyzing information about the sequence, structure and function of biological molecules and systems. Biological data can be categorized based on the levels of information that exist in living organisms: DNA, RNA, proteins, metabolites, and other small molecules. This course will cover biological questions that are associated with these data, and the computational approaches to address these questions. The course will focus on the types of biological data; the computational problems that arise while analyzing biological data; a set of algorithms that have important applications in computational biology, and the core set of widely used algorithms in computational biology such as sequence alignment, evolutionary trees, protein structural prediction, and transcription data analysis.
BME 422 Biostatistics IND 224 3 6
BME 423 Biomimicry and Biodesign  BME 310 3 6
BME 424 Computational Drug Design BME 310 3 6
BMM 424 course teaches the principles govern the process of modern drug discovery and development. Students in the course follow a path similar to that taken by real-life drug developers by learning important elements of the drug design process in a logical order. This course focuses on structure-based drug design. It will outline experimental and computational methods for the study of ligand-protein complexes, and discuss how the knowledge of the three-dimensional structure of the active site helps in the lead optimization process. This course will also cover approaches used to design competitive and mechanism-based inhibitors based on the mechanistic understanding of enzyme catalysis.
BME 425 Computational Cell Biology BME 202 3 6
BME 426 Biometrics - 3 6
BME 430 Biotechnology BME 205 3 6
BME 431 Bionanotechnology BME 205 3 6
Bionanotechnology is the branch of science and engineering that develops novel tools and devices using nano-sized materials (organic and inorganic) and their unique properties. In the 21st century, it is expected that bionanotechnology will bring breakthrough innovation in manufacturing, electronics, energy, and medicine to create a new industrial revolution. In this course, we will focus on the DNA, RNA and protein synthesis, chemical synthesis, DNA sequencing and growth; mutations and protein engineering, vaccines, antibiotics, and issues of biotechnological inventions.
BME 432 Biocompatibility BME 305 3 6
This course provides an understanding of the concept of biocompatibility and the methods for biomaterials testing. This course covers the basic properties of biomaterials, medical requirements and clinical significance. Desinfection and sterilization of biomaterials. Phenomena at the biointerfaces. Molecular and cellular processes with living environment, blood-materials interaction, short and long term reactions to the body. Testing of biomaterials: in vitro, in vivo preclinical and in vivo clinical tests. 
BME 433 Biological Surfaces and Interfaces BME 305 3 6
BME 434 Biomedical and Dental Implant Materials - 3 6
BME 435 Orthopedic Cements for Hard Tissue Repair  BME 305, BME 309 3 6
BME 436 Neural Tissue Engineering  BME 309 3 6
BME 440 Ceramic-Based Biomaterials  BME 205 3 6
BME 441 Metal-Based Biomaterials BME 205 3 6
BME 442 Polymer-Based Biomaterials CHEM101 3 6
This course is designed to motivate student learning for the application of polymer-based biomaterials in the field of biomedical engineering, with emphasis on understanding their synthesis, processing, characterization and application. This course will cover some of the widely used synthetic and natural polymers including polylactic acid, polycaprolactone, chitosan, polyacetals, dendrimers, elastomers, degradable hydrogels, non-degradable polymers (polyethylene, polyurethane, polymethylmetacrylate), etc. During the semester we will discuss these topics in the context of polymeric biomaterials for wound healing and orthopedic tissue regeneration applications. Students will contribute to discussions through performing market search on relevant products (hydrogels), and proposing novel bioactive constructs (grafts, scaffolds) for their applications, as well as identify methods for characterization and production. 
BME 443 Nanomedicine CHEM 101, BME 102 3 6
Problems of conventional drug delivery, rationale of using nanomedicine, classification of nanomedicine platforms, targeting strategies in nanomedicine, therapeutic.
BME 444 Drug Design and Delivery CHEM 101, BME 102 3 6
Pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic parameters in drug delivery, important barriers for drug delivery involving blood-brain barrier, important factors for traditional drug delivery platforms, drug delivery routes, liposomal, micellar, polimeric and inorganic material based smart drug delivery systems. Finally some important parameters for drug design will be discussed.
BME 445 Mass and Energy Transfer in Biosystems  - 3 6
The basic principles of mass and energy transfer. Fick’s Law and  Fourier’s Law. Diffusion and thermal diffusion. Passive, facilitated and active transport in biological systems. Equimolar countercurrent diffusion. The mechanisms of transfer in lung, kidney, brain barrier and others.
BME 446 Thermodynamics of Biomolecular Systems  - 3 6
Thermodynamic laws. Zeroth, First and Second Law. Definition of state, the energy levels in thermodynamics, entropy. Heat, work and energy. The basic differentiation in biomolecular systems, minimum entropy processes. 
BME 450 Biofluid Mechanics - 3 6
Principles of momentum transfer. Newton’s law of momentum. Equation of continuity. Fluid dynamics. Newtonian and non-newtonian fluids. Viscosity, kinematic viscosity. Flow through vessels and function of hearth. 
BME 451 Neural-control and Motion Mechanics  BME 311 3 6
BME 452 Biomedical Robotics ELE 201 3 6
BME 453 Technical Design in BME - 3 6
BME 460 Physiological Control Systems BME 206 3 6
BME 461 Cardiovascular Instrumentation BME 302 3 6
BME 462 Clinical Engineering BME 302 3 6
BME 463 Medical Informatics - 3 6
BME 464 Medical Technology Management - 3 6
BME 465 Medical Device Regulation - 3 6
BME 470 Electromagnetic Theory PHY 102 3 6
BME 471 Bioelectromagnetism  PHY 102 3 6
BME 472 Biomedical Optics PHY 102 3 6
BME 473 Radiation Physics PHY 102 3 6
BME 480 Enzyme Science BME 202, BME 206 3 6
This course focuses on characteristic features of enzymes, enzymes as biocatalysts, enzymatic catalysis, the transition state theory, enzyme kinetics, Michaelis-Menten equation, enzyme inhibition, cooperativity and allosteric enzymes, examples of enzymatic catalysis, coenzymes, isolation, purification and characterization of enzymes. Enzyme immobilization techniques and applications of free and immobilized enzymes in the food and pharmaceutical industries will also be discussed. 
BME 481 Genetic Engineering  BME 202 3 6
This course covers basic techniques used in the fields of biotechnology and genetic engineering, and discusses recombinant DNA technology applications in medical diagnosis, therapy, agriculture, microbial biotechnology and environmental biotechnology. 
BME 482 Toxicology - 3 6
This course will focus on the principles underlying the toxic actions of various substances, their uptake and mode of action. Biotransformation of drugs, carcinogens, and other toxicants and effects of free radicals and antioxidants will also be discussed. 
BME 483 Bioaffinity Chromatography  CHEM 101, BME 102 3 6
BME 484 Bioseparation CHEM 101, BME 102 3 6
Characteristics and applications of separation processes. Simple equilibrium processes. Multistage processes. Continuous contact processes. Binary- and multi- component processes. Selection of the process. Optimum design. Yield and efficiency. Energy requirement. 
BME 485 Biochemistry and Proteins in Biotechnology CHEM 101, BME 102 3 6
BME 486 Membrane Technology and Separation Techniques CHEM 101, BME 102 3 6
Definition and Classification. Membrane preparation and characterization. Membrane processes: Microfiltration, Reverse Osmosis, Dialysis, Electrodialysis, Gas separation and Pervoparation. Other applications: Biochemical Electrodes, Controlled Release, Bioyogically active component immobilization.